A workspace is a collection of user-defined repositories and information about where to find them. Dagster tools, like Dagit and the Dagster CLI, use workspaces to load user code.
|The decorator used to define repositories. The decorator returns a |
A Dagster Workspace can contain multiple repositories sourced from a variety of different locations, such as Python modules or Python virtualenvs.
The repositories in a workspace are loaded in a different process and communicate with Dagster system processes over an RPC mechanism. This architecture provides several advantages:
The structure of a workspace is encoded in a yaml document. By convention is it named
workspace.yaml. The workspace yaml encodes where to find repositories.
Each entry in the workspace is referred to as a repository location. A repository location can include more than one repository. Each repository location is loaded in its own process that Dagster tools use an RPC protocol to communicate with. This process separation allows multiple repository locations in different environments to be loaded independently, and ensures that errors in user code can't impact Dagster system code.
If you want to load repositories from Python code, use the
python_package keys in your workspace YAML.
If you use
python_file, it must specify a path relative to the workspace file leading to a file containing at least one repository definition. For example, the repository defined in
from dagster import pipeline, repository, solid @solid def hello_world(): pass @pipeline def hello_world_pipeline(): hello_world() @repository def hello_world_repository(): return [hello_world_pipeline]
could be loaded using the following
workspace.yaml file in the same folder:
load_from: - python_file: hello_world_repository.py
Dagit will look for the
workspace.yaml file in the current directory by default, allowing you to launch Dagit from that directory with no arguments and see the repositories defined in the workspace:
workspace.yaml keeps you from having to type the same
-m flag repeatedly. You can also load the workspace yaml file from a different location with
-w. See detailed references in
You might have more than one repository in scope and want to specify a specific one. Our schema supports this with the
attribute key, which must be a repository name or the name of a function that returns a
RepositoryDefinition. For example:
load_from: - python_file: relative_path: hello_world_repository.py attribute: hello_world_repository
The example above also illustrates that the
python_file key can be a single string if the only configuration needed is the relative file path, but must be a map if more parameters are added.
By default, if you use
python_file your code will load with no working directory available to resolve imports in your code. You can supply a custom working directory for relative imports using the
working_directory key. For example:
load_from: - python_file: relative_path: hello_world_repository.py working_directory: my_working_directory/
python_package can also be used instead of
python_file to load code from an installed Python package.
load_from: - python_package: hello_world_package
python_module key with similar semantics also exists, but you should prefer using either
python_package if the code is in an installed package and does not require specifying a working directory, or
python_file if it does not.
You can also specify an attribute to identify a single repository within a package, as with
load_from: - python_package: package_name: yourproject.hello_world_repository attribute: hello_world_repository
By default, Dagit and other Dagster tools assume that repository locations should be loaded using the same Python environment that was used to load Dagster. However, it is often useful for repository locations to use independent environments. For example, a data engineering team running Spark can have dramatically different dependencies than an ML team running Tensorflow.
To enable this use case, Dagster supports customizing the Python environment for each repository location, by adding the
executable_path key to the YAML for a location. These environments can involve distinct sets of installed dependencies, or even completely different Python versions.
load_from: - python_package: package_name: dataengineering_spark_repository location_name: dataengineering_spark_team_py_38_virtual_env executable_path: venvs/path/to/dataengineering_spark_team/bin/python - python_file: relative_path: path/to/team_repos.py location_name: ml_team_py_36_virtual_env executable_path: venvs/path/to/ml_tensorflow/bin/python
The example above also illustrates the
location_name key. Each repository location in a workspace has a unique name that is displayed in Dagit, and is also used to disambiguate definitions with the same name across multiple repository locations. Dagster will supply a default name for each location based on its workspace entry if a custom one is not supplied.
When you start a schedule or a sensor, a serialized representation of the entry in your
workspace.yaml file is stored in a database, and the
dagster-daemon process uses this serialized representation to identify and load your schedule or sensor. This means that if you rename a repository location or change its configuration in your
workspace.yaml, you must also stop and restart any running schedules or sensors in that repository location. You can do this within Dagit from the Status page under Schedules or Sensors.
If you run
dagit in the same folder as a
workspace.yaml file, it will load all the repositories in each repository location defined by the workspace. (You can also specify a different workspace file using the
-w command-line argument).
It's possible that one or more of your repository locations can't be loaded - for example, there might be a syntax error or some other unrecoverable error in one of your definitions. When this occurs, a warning message will appear in Dagit in the left-hand panel, directing you to a status page with an error message and stack trace for any locations that were unable to load.
By default, Dagster tools will automatically create a process on your local machine for each of your repository locations. However, it is also possible to run your own gRPC server that's responsible for serving information about your repositories. This can be useful in more complex system architectures that deploy user code separately from Dagit.
The Dagster gRPC server needs to have access to your code. To initialize the server, run the
dagster api grpc command and pass it a target file or module to load.
Similar to when specifying code in your
workspace.yaml, the target can be either a python file or installed python package, and you can use an 'attribute' flag to identify a single repository within that target. The server will automatically find and load the specified repositories.
You also need to specify a host and either a port or socket to run the server on.
# Load gRPC Server using python file: dagster api grpc --python-file /path/to/file.py --host 0.0.0.0 --port 4266 dagster api grpc --python-file /path/to/file.py --host 0.0.0.0 --port /path/to/socket # Load gRPC Server using python package: dagster api grpc --package-name my_package_name --host 0.0.0.0 --port 4266 dagster api grpc --package-name my_package_name --host 0.0.0.0 --socket /path/to/socket # Specify an attribute within the target to load a specific repository: dagster api grpc --python-file /path/to/file.py --attribute my_repository --host 0.0.0.0 --port 4266 dagster api grpc --package-name my_package_name --attribute my_repository --host 0.0.0.0 --port 4266
Then, in your
workspace.yaml, you can configure a new gRPC server repository location to load:
load_from: - grpc_server: host: localhost port: 4266 location_name: "my_grpc_server"
When running your own gRPC server within a container, you can tell Dagit that any runs launched from this repository location should be launched in a container with that same image. To do this, set the
DAGSTER_CURRENT_IMAGE environment variable to the name of the image before starting the server. After setting this environment variable for your server, when you view the Status page in dagit, you should see the image listed alongside your repository location.
If you're using our built-in Helm chart, this environment variable is automatically set on each of your gRPC servers.